Spider and Varicose Vein Treatments: When You Should Get Treated

May 29, 2024

Vein Treatments

Garden State Pain and Orthopedics specializes in treatments for spider and varicose veins. Read more to learn about vein conditions and how they can be treated.

Varicose veins and spider veins are common vascular conditions that affect millions of people worldwide. Although they are generally considered cosmetic concerns, they can sometimes lead to discomfort and other health issues. In this blog, we will delve into what these conditions are, their causes, available treatments, and preventive measures. Our specialists at Garden State Pain and Orthopaedics can help treat issues you are having with your veins. 


What Are Varicose Veins and Spider Veins?

Varicose Veins

Varicose veins are enlarged, swollen veins that often appear blue or dark purple. They typically occur in the legs and are caused by faulty valves within the veins. When these valves do not function properly, blood can flow backward and pool in the veins, causing them to enlarge.

Spider Veins

Spider veins are smaller, red, purple, or blue vessels that also twist and turn. They are more superficial than varicose veins and can appear on the legs and face. Spider veins are usually less than 1 mm in diameter and often resemble a spider web, hence their name.


What causes vein conditions?

Common Causes

  1. Genetics: Family history plays a significant role in the likelihood of developing varicose or spider veins.
  2. Age: As we age, veins can lose elasticity, and valves may weaken.
  3. Gender: Women are more likely to develop these conditions, partly due to hormonal changes during pregnancy, menopause, and the use of birth control pills.
  4. Pregnancy: Increased blood volume during pregnancy can enlarge veins, and hormonal changes can also relax vein walls.
  5. Obesity: Excess weight puts additional pressure on veins.
  6. Prolonged Standing or Sitting: Occupations that require long periods of standing or sitting can impede blood flow.

Symptoms of Spider and Varicose Veins

While varicose veins and spider veins are often visible and easily recognizable, they can also cause various symptoms:

  • Aching, heavy, or throbbing legs
  • Swelling in the lower legs
  • Itching around the veins
  • Muscle cramping and restless legs
  • Skin discoloration around the affected area


How do you treat vein conditions?

Lifestyle Changes

  1. Exercise: Regular physical activity helps improve blood circulation and vein strength.
  2. Weight Management: Maintaining a healthy weight reduces pressure on the veins.
  3. Elevation: Elevating your legs can help blood flow back to the heart more efficiently.
  4. Avoiding Long Periods of Standing or Sitting: Taking breaks to move around can prevent blood from pooling in the veins.

Medical Treatments

  1. Compression Stockings: These help by squeezing the legs, promoting blood flow toward the heart.
  2. Sclerotherapy: A procedure where a solution is injected into the vein, causing it to scar and close.
  3. Laser Treatments: Uses light energy to fade spider veins and small varicose veins.
  4. Endovenous Laser Treatment (EVLT): A minimally invasive procedure using laser fibers to close off varicose veins.
  5. Surgery: In severe cases, procedures like vein stripping or ligation may be necessary.


How do you prevent vein conditions?

While some risk factors like genetics and age are unavoidable, you can take steps to reduce your risk of developing varicose and spider veins:

  • Exercise Regularly: Engage in activities that promote good circulation, such as walking or swimming.
  • Maintain a Healthy Weight: Reducing unnecessary pressure on your veins can prevent vein problems.
  • Avoid High Heels and Tight Clothing: These can restrict blood flow and increase vein pressure.
  • Elevate Your Legs: Especially after long periods of standing or sitting.
  • Stay Hydrated and Eat a Healthy Diet: Proper hydration and nutrition support overall vascular health.


When should I get my veins treated?

Deciding when to get your veins treated depends on several factors, including the severity of your symptoms, the impact on your quality of life, and the advice of one of our healthcare providers at Garden State Pain and Orthopedics. If you experience any of these conditions, it may be time to seek treatment.

  • Persistent pain or discomfort
  • Swelling in the legs and ankles
  • Skin changes
  • Bleeding
  • Development of complications (inflammation, blood clots, ulcers)
  • Cosmetic concerns


Varicose veins and spider veins are common conditions that, while often harmless, can be uncomfortable and unsightly. Understanding the causes and symptoms is crucial for early detection and treatment. If you are looking to treat your veins, you can schedule an appointment with one of our specialists by selecting the “Book Now” button above. You can also read more about our treatments on our services page.